Nepali Calendar is a lunar calendar and follows a different calendar system than the Western Calendar. According to this system, the New Year begins in mid-April. Like the Julian system, there are 12 months, each month beginning around the middle of a Western month.
Bikram Sambat Nepali Calendar or Nepali patro is approximately 56 years and 8 months ahead of the Gregorian/Julian calendar. Unlike the Gregorian months, the lengths of Nepali months are not predetermined, and change from year to year, varying from 29 days to 32 days. Nepali calendar is also called Bikram Sambat Calendar, it is used widely in Nepal and India. Countries like Indonesia, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thiland and Malaysia also use Bikram sambat calendar.
All Festival dates are determined by this Nepali lunar calendar.
The 12 months of the Nepali Calendar are as follows:
|Baiśākha (वैशाख) Vṛṣabha (Taurus)||Mar-Apr|
|Jyaiṣṭha (ज्येष्ठ) Mithuna (Gemini)||Apr-May|
|Āṣāḍh (आषाढ ) Karka (Cancer)||May-June|
|Śrāvaṇ (श्रावण) Siṃha (Leo)||June-July|
|Bhādra also Proṣṭhapada (भाद्रपद,भाद्र,प्रोष्ठपद) Kanyā (Virgo)||July-Aug|
|Āśvin ( आश्विन) Tula (Libra)||Aug-Sept|
|Kārtika (कार्तिक) Vṛścika (Scorpio)||Sept-Oct|
|Mārgaśīrṣa (मार्गशीर्ष,अग्रहायण) Dhanus (Sagittarius)||Oct-Nov|
|Pauṣa (पौष) Makara (Capricorn)||Nov-Dec|
|Māgha (माघ) Kumbha (Aquarius)||Dec-Jan|
|Phālguna (फाल्गुन)Mīna (Pisces)||Jan-Feb|
|Chaitra (चैत्र) Meṣa (Aries)||Feb-March|