Nepal: Basic Fact Sheet

Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Abbreviation NP
Capital Kathmandu
Head of State President Ram Baran Yadav
Head of Government Prime Minister Dr. Babu Ram Bhattarai
Population 26620000 (2011 estimate)
Area 147,181 sq. km. (54,633 sq. mi.)
Time Zone 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT
Language Nepali (official)
Religion Hinduism(major) and Buddhism, Islam and Catholic.
Unit of Currency Rupee
National Flag
National Emblems The rhododendron; a white cow; a green pheasant; two Gurkha soldiers, one carrying a khukri and a bow and an arrow and the other a modern rifle; peaks of the Himalaya Mountains; the moon and the sun, both with faces showing Hindu caste marks, two crossed Nepali flags and khukris; the footprints of Gorakhnath, the guardian deity of the Gurkhas; and the royal headdress. At the base of the design a red scroll carries the national motto in Sanskrit: “The Motherland Is Worth More than the Kingdom of Heaven.”
National Anthem “Sayau Thunga Phool Ka”
National Holidays

Republic Day: 28th May

State Declaration: 15th Jan

Independence Day: 18th Feb

National Calendar The Nepali year begins in mid-April and is divided into 12 months: Baisakh, Jestha, Asadh, Shrawan, Bhadra, Aswin, Kartik, Marga, Poush, Phalgun, Chaitra. Saturday is the official weekly holiday.
Physical Quality of Life Index N/A
Date of Unification 1768 (by Prithvi Narayan Shah)
Date of Constitution The constitutional Assembly of 601 parliament memebers is in process of drafting the country’s constitution under the provision provided by Interim constitution drafted on 28th may, 2007. (1951, 1959, 1962, 1990 are prevoius constitution enacted dates).
Weights and Measures Traditional measures are commonly used. The most important of these are ropani = 0.05 ha.(0.8 ac.); bigha = 0.1 ha.,(1.67 ac.); murhi = 72 kg.(160 lb.).
Per capita income $170 (FY92)
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